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轩宇艺术:民国时期仿宣德的大清御制铜龙首执壶

时间:2019-07-09 21:17:13 作者:王凝 来源:澳门银河真人娱乐

  执壶是我国隋朝时期出现的一种用来盛酒的器具,有铜制的、瓷器等不同材质。执壶最初的造型是由青铜器而来,南北朝早期的青瓷当中,已经完成了这种执壶的造型。其后在唐宋两代是金银器中的一种酒具,这从唐宋绘画上是很容易看到的。直到现在,还有宋代青白瓷的执壶流传下来。而最为盛名的是明清时期祭祀使用的礼器青铜龙首执壶。

  The pot is a kind of utensil used to hold wine in the Sui Dynasty of China. It has different materials such as copper and porcelain. The original shape of the pot was made of bronze, and the shape of the pot was completed in the early celadon of the Southern and Northern Dynasties. Later, in the Tang and Song Dynasties, it was a kind of wine in the gold and silverware, which is easy to see from the paintings of the Tang and Song Dynasties. Until now, the pot of the Qing Dynasty white porcelain of the Song Dynasty has been passed down. The most famous is the ceremonial bronze dragon's first pot used in the Ming and Qing Dynasties.

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  清代铜器与商周时期的青铜器,无论在用途上,还是性质上都截然不同。商周时期,青铜器是贵族世家的标志,贵族为了弘扬祖德、刻纪功烈,铸造铜器并记录在铭文中。到了清代,铜器已失去了这些意义,其主要分两大部分,一部分是实用器,如香炉、鼎、瓶、壶、龟、鹤、羊、鹿等,主要用于生活、祭祀及各种仪式中。这部分铜器在造型方面与原器相似,具有商周青铜器的风格,在装饰上,没有严格仿造商周青铜器的纹饰,而是使用了龙纹、卷云纹、浪花纹、花卉纹、变形兽面纹、变形夔纹、回纹等纹饰。有些器物上的兽面纹,已不是兽面纹,倒像是蝙蝠。

  The bronzes of the Qing Dynasty and the bronzes of the Shang and Zhou Dynasties were completely different in terms of use and nature. During the Shang and Zhou Dynasties, bronzes were the symbol of the aristocratic family. In order to carry forward the ancestors and engrave the ancestors, the nobles cast bronzes and recorded them in the inscriptions. In the Qing Dynasty, the bronzes have lost these meanings. They are mainly divided into two parts, some of which are utilities such as incense burners, tripods, bottles, pots, turtles, cranes, sheep, deer, etc., mainly used for life, sacrifices and In a ritual. This part of the bronze is similar in appearance to the original one. It has the style of the Shang and Zhou bronzes. In the decoration, it does not strictly imitate the texture of the Shang and Zhou bronzes. Instead, it uses dragon, cirrus, wave, floral, and deformation. Animal face lines, deformed crepe lines, back lines and other patterns. The animal face on some artifacts is not the animal face, but it is like a bat.

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  此件藏品底径:5.7cm,高:19cm,重:610.4g,直径:17cm。壶长颈,斜肩,折边直腹。下部斜收,底部四字底款:大清御制。肩部前侧有竹节状壶柄,插接于腹壁中层底部,流口稍残。壶后部腹间下部与颈上端。壶身正反面两组相同的凶猛,苍劲有力的盘龙纹饰。

  The bottom diameter of this collection is 5.7cm, height: 19cm, weight: 610.4g, diameter: 17cm. The pot has a long neck, a slanted shoulder, and a straight abdomen. The lower part is slanted, and the bottom part is six characters: Daqing Royal. The front side of the shoulder has a bamboo-shaped pot handle, which is inserted into the bottom of the middle layer of the abdominal wall, and the flow port is slightly disabled. The lower part of the abdomen and the upper end of the neck. The same fierce, vigorous and powerful disc dragon pattern on both sides of the body.

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  该壶的艺术造型,比早期同类器物有很大提高和发展。明代早期执壶的流,多短而直,而这一执壶的流、柄很别致,又弯又长,纹饰精美。乃是民国时期仿制大清御制祭祀使用的礼器。铜质精良、精细,在暗淡处能发现奇异的光泽,使该器更具皇家气概而显得无与伦比!十分少见。这种流畅、稳重而饱满的结构和古朴的纹饰,及底足内錾刻“大清御制”的底款,为典型的民国仿清朝的铜器艺术风格,具有极高的艺术欣赏价值和收藏价值。

  The artistic shape of the pot is greatly improved and developed compared with the early similar artifacts. The flow of the pot in the early Ming Dynasty was short and straight, and the flow and handle of this pot were very chic, curved and long, and the ornament was beautiful. It was a ritual used in the imitation of the Qing Dynasty royal system during the Republic of China. The copper is fine and fine, and the strange luster can be found in the dim, making the device more imperial and unparalleled! Very rare. This smooth, steady and full-bodied structure and quaint ornamentation, as well as the bottom of the foot of the "Da Qing Imperial System", is a typical example of the bronze art of the Qing Dynasty. It has a high artistic appreciation value. Collection value.

  丰富艺术生活,传递艺术价值!如果您对这尊民国时期仿宣德的大清御制铜龙首执壶感兴趣,欢迎联系轩宇(广州)艺术传媒有限公司!

  Enrich art life and deliver artistic value! If you are interested in the Daqing Royal Copper Dragon Shouding Pot of the Republic of China during the Republic of China, please contact Xuanyu (Guangzhou) Art Media Co., Ltd.!

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  轩宇(广州)艺术传媒有限公司

  联系地址:广州市天河区珠江新城华夏路30号富力盈通大厦808

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